Animal welfare is a complex subject not easily isolated – identified and integrated in daily animal health procedures both up and down stream and has very many factors influencing its negativity thus affecting the: wellbeing of animal; animal productivity in their various areas of specialties. Given animal welfare’s potential importance in animal health and productivity in future in third world countries - it is highly important that studies are undertaken that can be used to: improved processes and strategies to deliver animal welfare services.

Partnerships in Research /Studies on animal welfare are thus required from local, regional and international partners.