The positive and negative animal welfare status are influenced by many factors including: social, cultural, religious, economic status, livelihoods levels, poverty, effluence, level of education, emotions, awareness on the subject matter, security and pubic order, politics and management of society among others. With this severe situation; it is worse when indicators show that even the van guards of animal welfare (the veterinary personnel) may also not grasp the animal welfare subject matter well and its practical application.
Furthermore – many reforms have taken place in the delivery of veterinary services in Africa in the recent past culminated in broken down and dwindled resource envelop thus weakening of the veterinary services. Such reforms have created a gap in providing services in an area considered as still obscure and yet very important and the basis for sustainable animal health services i.e. the animal welfare. Public services do not have adequate capacity to address this gap which is better covered by civil society as recommended by the National Agricultural Policy (NAP) 2013. The above grave status on animal welfare justifies need to form multi-sector partnerships to deliver services this gap area. Since the Animal Welfare and Protection Organization (AWPO) has been formed to champion a crusade to make the public more kind to animals – requires partnerships with public services – private – other civil society (PPP) from within Uganda, at Eastern and Central African Regional Level, at African Continental Level and Globally.